Sanctuaries in Gangtok

Situated on the lap of mother nature, Gangtok has sanctuaries and wildlife which are home to varied species of flora and fauna and are sure to bound tourists to this beautiful place. These sanctuaries and wildlife places in Gangtok  are the major tourist places of the capital as they attract tourists from near and far. Let us discuss more about them.

Fambong Lho Sanctuary

Situated 25 kms from the Gangtok town, Fambong Lho Sanctuary is one of the important tourist spots in Gangtok. The sanctuary lies near Rumtek Monastery, located at the southeastern part of the sanctuary. The Himalayan Zoological Park is adjacent to the sanctuary. The terrain of the sanctuary is hilly and the elevation starts from 1524 metres and then varies accordingly.
 

Flora and Fauna

sanctuaries in gangtokThe sanctuary covers an area of 51.76 sq km. The sanctuary is home to varied flora and fauna. Rare and endangered species of plants and trees are found in the sanctuary. Flora species like orchids, rhododendrons,  lycopodium, mosses, katus, champ, oak, kimbu, ferns and bamboo are found here.

Various species of animals like Himalayan black bear, red panda, civet cat and binturong or bear cat are found. Due to the variation of altitude different types of birds like satyr tragopan, kalij pheasant, hill partridges, collard scops owl, black eagle, collard broad bill, maroon oriole, titmice, bulbuls, green pigeon, Nepal tree creeper, brown wood owl, orange bellied chloropsis and yellow bellied blue magpie are found here.

Tourist Activities

The Fambong Lho sanctuary is a place of immense scenic beauty. Facilitates like trekking and hiking are available here. The highest peak in the sanctuary is Tinjurey which is 2750 meters. There are watch towers at Alubari, Tinjurey and Sang Tsokha. Best time to travel to the sanctuary is from October to November. 

Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary

Located 31 km east of Gangtok adjacent to the Tsomgo Lake, the Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary is another splendid sanctuary in Gangtok. The Sanctuary covers an area of 31 sq km and the altitude ranges from 3292m -4116 m.

Flora and Fauna

Wildlife sanctuaries in KyongnoslaKyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary experiences temperate to sub arctic climate. The winter months are very cold in the sanctuary. The Sanctuary is home to rich natural vegetation cover and wildlife. Rare and endangered species of plants and trees like orchids, rhododendrons are abundant in the sanctuary. Plants species like primulas, wild strawberries, gentians, irises, Nilo Bikh, Jatamasi, Kutki are found here.

Varied species of animals including Himalayan black bear, blood pheasant, musk deer, leopard, common langur, red panda, Himalayan marmot, yellow throated martens weasel, serow, lesser cats and satyr tragopan are found here. The Sanctuary is also home to a wide variety of birds including residential and migratory like monal pheasant, satyr, laughing thrushes, snow partridges, redstarts, redbilled choughs, rose finches, firetailed sunbirds, tragopan, kestrel and forktails.

Tourist Activities


Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary sanctuary facilitates trekking and hiking. There are steep cliffs that are snow-bound throughout the year which gives the onlookers an amazing sight of the sanctuary. The best time to travel to the sanctuary is from October to November.

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